MODERN OLYMPIC GAMES - 1960 Rome Olympiad

The Games of the the Games of the XVII Olympiad held in Rome were opened by president Giovanni Gronchi. After two postponements, in 1908 and 1944, finally Rome got its chance and thus, more world records were set than ever before. Trying to symbolize the link between the ancient and modern times, the wrestling competition took place in the Basilica of Maxentius, the gymnastics in the Caracalla Baths and the finish of Marathon used the historic Arch of Constantine. Paul Elvstrom, from Denmark, won the gold medal in Finn class yachting for the fourth consecutive time, the Hungarian fencer Aladar Gerevich earned his sixth consecutive gold medal in the team sabre event and in canoeing, Sweden’s Gert Fredricksson earned his sixth gold medal. Yugoslavia, which qualified for the semi-final by winning a coin
toss, won the football tournament after losing in the final three times in represented the United

a row. Sante Gaiardoni, from Italy, became the only cyclist in Olympic history to win both the time trial and the match sprint events. By winning the silver medal in light-welterweight boxing, Ike Quartey of Ghana became the first black African Olympic medalist. Five days later in the marathon, Abebe Bikila, running barefoot, outlasted Rhadi Ben Abdesselem of Morocco to become the first black African Olympic champion. Rafer Johnson and C.K. Yang were decathlon training partners at UCLA, but in Rome Johnson

States and Yang represented Taiwan. In a dramatic finish, they took first and second places and then, exhausted, fell against each other for support. Suffering from concussion and a broken collarbone after a fall in the three-day equestrian event, Bill Roycroft left his hospital bed to compete in the jumping event and ensure the gold medal for Australia. The Olympic Anthem, "Ancient, Immortal Spirit", composed by the Greek S.Samaras and lyrics by k. Palamas, was officialy established during these Games.


Opening date:
25th August 1960

Closing date:
11th September 1960

Nations: 83
Sports: 17
Events: 150
Athletes: 5 338
Men: 4 727
Candidate cities: Lausanne, Detroit, Budapest, Brussel, Mexico City and Tokyo.