MODERN OLYMPIC GAMES - 1956 Melbourne Olympiad

The Games of the XVI Olympiad held in Melbourne were opened by the Duke of Edinburgh and were overshadowed by political adversities. Thus, The Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon and China didn't participate. East and Wast Germany took part, for the first time, as one team and Ethiopia and Kenya entered the Olympic arena. Laszlo Papp, from Hungary, became the first boxer to win three gold medals and the American Pat McCormick won both diving events, just as she had in 1952. The gymnastics competition were dominated by the Ukrainian Viktor Chukarin, who earned five medals, including three gold, to bring his career total to eleven medals, seven of them gold and Agnes Keleti, from Hungary, who won four gold medals and two silver. The U.S.

basketball team put on the most dominant performance in Olympic history, scoring more than twice as much as their opponents and winning each of their games by at least 30 points. During the Closing Ceremony, the athletes entered the stadium together, as a symbol of global unity.



Opening date:
22nd November 1956

Closing date:
8th December 1956

Nations: 72
Sports: 17
Events: 145
Athletes: 3 314
Men: 2 938
Candidate cities: Buenos Aires, Detroit, Los Angeles, Mexico, Chicago, Minneapolis, Philadelphia, San Francisco