The Games of the First Olympiad were held in the 80 000 capacity Panathenean Stadium, specially restored for this event. The revival of the ancient Olympics attracted athletes from 14 nations, with the largest delegations coming from Greece, Germany and France. The citizens of Athens greeted the Games with hospitality, joy and enthusiasm. Their support was rewarded when a Greek shepherd, Spiridon Louis, won the most popular event, the marathon. On 6 April 1896, the American James Connolly won the triple jump to become the first Olympic champion in more than 1,500 years, the German athlete Karl Schumann finished in the top four in four different events and Alfred Hajos (Hungary, swimming) won the 100m and the 1,200m events. The first
place winners were awarded a silver medal and a crown of olive branches, the second place winners took a bronze medal along with a small laurel branch.

Opening date:
6th April 1896
Closing date:
15th April 1896

Nations: 14
Sports: 9
Events: 43
Athletes: 241
Men: 241

The first Session of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) was held in Paris on 23-24 June 1894. During the first Session, the city of Athens was selected for the Games of the First Olympiad.