Games of the XXII Olympiad held in Moscow and opened by President Leonid
Brezhnev in the Lenin Stadium were profoundly influenced by politics.
More than 50 countries announced their boycott and protest against the
December 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and among them were: United
States of America, Canada, Federal Republic of Germany, Norway, Israel,
Japan, Turkey and Kenya. Thus, the result was that only 80 nations participated
in Moscow, the lowest since 1958. Aleksandr Dityatin won eight medals,
one in every men's gymnastics event, super-heavyweight Teofilo Stevenson
became the first boxer to win the same division three times, Gerd Wessig
became the first male high jumper to break the world record at
the Olympics and swimmer Vladimir Salnikov broke the 15 minute barrier
for the 1,500m. In adramatic confrontation, runners Steve Ovett and Sebastian
Coe split the 800 and 1,500m. Before the beginning of the Moscow Games,
during the meeting of the International Olympic Commitee, Juan Antonio
Samaranch is elected president.
Candidate cities: Los Angeles