Games of the XVI Olympiad held in Melbourne were opened by the Duke
of Edinburgh and were overshadowed by political adversities. Thus, The
Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon and China didn't
participate. East and Wast Germany took part, for the first time, as
one team and Ethiopia and Kenya entered the Olympic arena. Laszlo Papp,
from Hungary, became the first boxer to win three gold medals and the
American Pat McCormick won both diving events, just as she had in 1952.
The gymnastics competition were dominated by the Ukrainian Viktor Chukarin,
who earned five medals, including three gold, to bring his career total
to eleven medals, seven of them gold and
Agnes Keleti, from Hungary, who won four gold medals and two silver.
team put on the most dominant performance in Olympic history, scoring
more than twice as much as their opponents and winning each of their games
by at least 30 points. During the Closing Ceremony, the athletes entered
the stadium together, as a symbol of global unity.