Games of the VII Olympiad were held in Antwerp, to honor the suffering
that had been inflicted on the Belgian people during World War I. The
1916 Olympics were scheduled to be held in Berlin, but were canceled
because of the war. The countries that lost the war were not invited
by the Olympic Commitee and the newly formed Soviet Union refused to
The first race was staged in Belgium, but the last two races took place
in the Netherlands because both entrants were Dutch. Nedo Nadi, from Italy,
won gold medals in five of the six fencing events, Ethelda Bleibtrey,
from the United States, earned gold medals in all three womens swimming
contests, broking the world record in every one
Finnish runner Paavo Nurmi won three gold medals.
Suzanne Lenglen, from France, dominated womens tennis singles (lost only four games in the ten sets she played) and Swedish Oscar Swahn, aged 72, earned a silver medal in the team double-shot running deer event, becoming the oldest medalist ever.
Candidate cities: Amsterdam and Lyon, who withdrew before the vote.